The Digital Europe Programme (DEP) is a fund of the European Union which supports the completion of the Digital Single Market by connecting Europe through 'digital bridges' (Digital Service Infrastructures) for the benefit of citizens, businesses and public administrations. It promotes the vision of public services being not only digital by default but also cross-border by default.
The programme was established in 2021 by splitting off parts of the CEF Digital digital infrastructure arm of the Connecting Europe Facility programme.
The programme concerns two types of Digital Service Infrastructures (DSIs):
- Sector-specific DSIs deploy complex trans-European digital services based upon mature technical and organisational solutions: eProcurement, Cybersecurity, eHealth, eJustice, Online Dispute Resolution, Europeana, Safer Internet, Open Data.
- The DSIs known as building blocks provide basic and re-usable digital services. Building blocks can be integrated into other DSI and IT projects and can be combined with each other.
The building blocks are basic digital services supported by the programme. Building blocks are based on European legislation and standards to help Europeans implement some of the most commonly needed digital capabilities, such as exchanging messages, archiving documents and electronically identifying users. By using building blocks, digital services can be developed faster, easier and more cost-effectively using existing technologies, rather than each organisation developing them on their own. The grants also fund its users wanting to adopt building blocks. Eight building blocks have been developed, including eArchiving, Big Data Test Infrastructure (BDTI), Context Broker, eDelivery, eID, eInvoicing, eSignature and eTranslation. Each come with their own technical specifications, sample software (if applicable) and support services, such as help desk, to support their adoption.
Available building blocks
There are eight building blocks available:
- eArchiving provides sample specifications, software and support services for describing, transmitting and preserving data based on international standards.
- Big Data Test Infrastructure (BDTI) is a virtual sandbox where public administrations can experiment with different big data tools and techniques to innovate new digital services and solutions.
- Context Broker centralises and consolidates data from different IoT data sources, enabling comprehensive analyses and real-time reports for more informed decision making.
- eDelivery offers specifications, sample software and support services for setting up a registered delivery service infrastructure for exchanging data and documents.
- eID helps to set up the technical infrastructure needed to electronically identify citizens businesses and public authorities from other European Member States, as defined in the eIDAS Regulation.
- eInvoicing supports the seamless generation, sending, receiving and processing of electronic invoices across borders in line with the European Directive and standard on electronic invoicing.
- eSignature helps to create and verify electronic signatures in line with the eIDAS Regulation.
- eTranslation provides machine translation services that can be used on demand for translating text snippets and documents (web service), or integrated directly into a digital service platform. eTranslation was developed at the Directorate-General for Translation (DGT) of the European Commission and has been officially launched on 15 November 2017. It builds on the previous machine translation service of the European Commission - [email protected], which had also been carried out by the DGT.
- European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI) to enhance trust between parties and improve the efficiency of operations
- Once Only Principle (OOP) reduces administrative burden for individuals and businesses. The OOP is currently a CEF preparatory action.
Building blocks were initially offered as part of CEF Digital, the programme's digital arm under telecommunications. The European Commission's Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (CNECT) is responsible for the definition of the building blocks. Their management and user on-boarding was overseen by the Directorate-General for Informatics (DIGIT). The eTranslation building block is carried out and hosted by the Directorate-General for Translation (DGT). The funding supports the adoption of building blocks. They are arranged through Calls for Proposals and are administered by the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) and then by the Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency. 
- ^ "CEF Digital Home". CEF Digital. Retrieved Apr 19, 2021.
- ^ Digital Europe Programme
- ^ "CEF Digital Home". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eArchiving". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "Big Data Test Infrastructure". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "Context Broker". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eDelivery". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eID". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eInvoicing". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eSignature". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "eTranslate". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "Machine translation for public administrations — eTranslation". European Commission. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- ^ "EBSI". European Commission. Retrieved 24 Oct 2019.
- ^ "Once Only Principle". European Commission. Retrieved 24 Oct 2019.
- ^ "Connecting Europe Facility in Telecom". European Commission. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- ^ "Innovation and Networks Executive Agency". Innovation and Networks Executive Agency - European Commission. Retrieved Apr 19, 2021.
EU funding oversight and accountability institutions